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Rashes

 

 

Healthy skin provides a barrier between the inside of the body and the outside environment. A rash is a change of the skin which affects its color, appearance or texture. A rash may be localized in one part of the body, or affect all the skin. The skin may itch, change color, become warm, bumpy, dry, crack, blister or swell and may be painful.

 

The causes, and therefore treatments for rashes, vary widely. Diagnosis must take into account such things as the appearance of the rash, occupation, family history, symptoms and what the patient may have been exposed to.

Athelete’s Foot

(Also known as tinea pedis) is a fungal infection of the skin that causes scaling, flaking, and itching of affected areas.

Jock itch

Tinea cruris, also called Jock itch or ringworm of the groin, is an infection of the groin area caused by fungus.

Stasis Dermatitis

May cause the skin at your ankles and over your shins to become discolored (red or brown), thick and itchy, and can weep and form crusts.  Stasis dermatitis occurs when fluid accumulates in the tissues just beneath your skin.

Stasis Ulcer

A stasis ulcer is an open sore that appears on the skin, typically resulting from fluid building up underneath the skin. These types of ulcers are common in people who have a history of leg and feet swelling.

Allergic Reaction / Contact Dermatitis

Contact dermatitisdermatitis is an inflammation of the skin caused by direct contact with an irritating or allergy-causing substance.

Hives

Urticaria or hives are a kind of skin rash notable for dark red, raised, itchy bumps or plaques. Hives are frequently caused by allergic reactions; however, there are many non-allergic causes.

Poison Ivy, Sumac and Oak

Approximately 90 percent of Americans are allergic to these plants that cause a bothersome rash and intense itching.

Heat Rash

Also called prickly heat or miliaria rubra is a common condition in which areas of the skin itch intensely and will often feel prickly or sting due to overheating.

Eczema / Atopic Dermatitis

Is a chronic (long-lasting) skin condition that causes dry, itchy, irritated skin that can require daily care. Affected areas usually appear very dry, thickened, or scaly

Karatosis Pilaris

Is a common dermatological condition that is manifested by the appearance of rough bumps on the skin. It most often appears on the outer sides of the upper arms

Pityriasis Rosea

Is a skin rash that is non-dangerous but may inflict substantial discomfort on some sufferers. Classically, it begins with a single "herald patch" lesion, followed in 1 or 2 weeks by a generalized body rash lasting about 6 weeks.

Seborrheic Dermatitis

Is a common inflammatory skin disorder affecting the scalp, face, and trunk causing scaly, flaky, itchy, red skin. It particularly affects the sebum-gland rich areas of skin.

Psoriasis

Is a chronic immune disease that appears on the skin. It occurs when the immune system sends out faulty signals that speed up the growth cycle of skin cells. Psoriasis is not contagious. It commonly causes red scaly patches to appear on the skin, although some patients have no dermatological symptoms.

Lichen Planus

Is a relatively common inflammatory disease that affects the skin and the mouth, and presents itself in the form of pinkish purple scaly papules, lesions or rashes on the skin.

Granuloma Annulare

Is a chronic (long-lasting) skin disease consisting of a rash with reddish bumps arranged in a circle or ring over the backs of the forearms, hands, knees or feet and is often centered around joints or knuckles.

Rosacea

Is a chronic condition characterized by central facial redness, flushing and sometimes small bumps or pimples. Unless it affects the eyes, it is typically a harmless condition but can be cosmetically and psychologically distressing.

Chicken Pox

Is a highly contagious illness caused by an infection with varicella zoster virus. It usually starts with vesicular skin rash mainly on the body and head and becomes itchy, raw pockmarks, which mostly heal without scarring.

Herpes Simplex

Is a viral disease caused by both herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2). Infection with the herpes virus is categorized into one of several distinct disorders based on the site of infection.

Herpes Zoster

Commonly known as shingles, is a viral disease characterized by a painful skin rash with blisters in a limited area on one side of the body, often in a stripe.

Folliculitis

Is the inflammation of one or more hair follicles that causes a rash of small red bumps and pustules that may itch or be mildly painful. The condition may occur anywhere on the skin.

Impetigo

Is a highly contagious bacterial skin infection most common among pre-school children. It generally appears as honey-colored scabs formed from dried serum, and is often found on the arms, legs, or face.

Scabies

Is a contagious parasitic skin infestation characterized by superficial burrows, red or pink papules or bumps and intense itching. It is caused by the mite Sarcoptes Scabiei.

Lupus Erythematosis

Is one of many disorders of the immune system known as autoimmune diseases. In autoimmune diseases, the immune system turns against parts of the body it is designed to protect. This leads to inflammation and damage to various body tissues.

Vitiligo

Is a chronic disorder that causes white patches to appear on the skin. It occurs when melanocytes, the cells responsible for skin pigmentation, die or are unable to function. The cause is not known.

Vasculitis

Is characterized by inflammation of blood vessels. It causes changes in the walls of your blood vessels, including thickening, weakening, narrowing and scarring and can be short term (acute) or long term (chronic) and can be so severe that the tissues and organs supplied by the affected vessels don't get enough blood.

Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma

Is a class of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, which is a type of cancer of the immune system. The malignant T lymphocytes in the body initially migrate to the skin, causing various lesions to appear.

polymorphic light eruption

Polymorphous light eruption (PLE), or polymorphic light eruption (PMLE), is an itchy rash caused by sun exposure in people who have developed a sensitivity to sunlight (photosensitivity).

 

Ddyshidrotic eczema

Dyshidrotic eczemais a skin condition that is characterized by small blisters on the hands or feet.


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